The rubellite is a particularly beautiful gemstone from the colourful family of the tourmalines. Tourmalines are all related gemstones where the different colored stones are named by adding the color to the term. Red colored tourmalines are basically called red tourmalines. Pink tourmalines, green tourmalines and Paraiba tourmalines are all very popular forms. However there is an exception here where not all red tourmalines are called rubellites. Rubellite comes from the Latin name ‘rubellus’ that means reddish and rubellites are not just red or shocking pink tourmalines. There is a criterion to be followed and met for a red tourmaline to be called a rubellite tourmaline.
Basically, gemstones tend to change color based on the light source. However this does not exist in the case of true rubellites. This means that the rubellite tends to shine as intensely in artificial light as it does in daylight. In the case of red or pink tourmaline, the stone tends to display a tinge of brown in the presence of artificial light. Rubellites are found in abundance in Brazil, Mozambique, Nigeria, Madagascar and Pakistan. There is also a rubellite mine in the USA. Today rubellite tourmaline is one of the most popular gemstones available and fits well with almost any jewelry.
Rubellites are quite rare and have only become popular in the last few centuries. Some of the Russian Crown Jewels from the 17th century, once thought to be rubies, are actually fine examples of rubellite gemstones.
Rubellites are believed to strengthen love and devotion as well as inspire creativity. Rubellite gemstones are also thought to help reduce stress, tension and anxiety.
Chrome is a special variety of green tourmaline that owes its vivid green hue to trace amounts of chromium and vanadium. These are the same elements that also impart to emerald and tsavorite garnet their distinctive pure green hues. It should not be surprising, therefore, that the finest chrome tourmaline tends to resemble the finer examples of emerald and tsavorite. Chrome tourmaline is actually a distinct tourmaline variety called chrome dravite, found in East Africa. Chrome tourmaline is often associated with tsavorite garnet; miners will usually concentrate their efforts on tsavorite, as it fetches higher prices.
Chrome tourmaline is a rather special member of the tourmaline group. Found only in east Africa, it is usually found mainly in small sizes. But what it lacks in size it makes up for in colorr. It displays perhaps the richest, most intense green in the gemstone world.
Between chrome tourmaline and tsavorite garnet werefound in the same locations in Tanzania, and both are colored by chromium and vanadium. Miners will usually concentrate their attention on tsavorite, since it has more of an established market and fetches higher prices. But chrome tourmaline, while more scarce, is in many ways the equal of the finest tsavorite.
Like emerald and tsavorite garnet, fine chrome tourmaline is a visually pure “forest” green with slightly yellowish to bluish secondary hues. The blue will normally show itself in incandescent light, the yellow will be more visible in daylight. The same criterion applied to tsavorite garnet and emerald is applicable to chrome tourmaline.
Tourmaline is a crystal silicate mineral compounded with elements such as aluminium, iron, magnesium, sodium, lithium, or potassium. Tourmaline is classified as a semi-precious stone and the gem comes in a wide variety of colors. The name comes from the Sinhalese word “turamali” or “toramalli” , which applied to different gemstones found in Sri Lanka.
In today’s era, the tourmaline gem stone is known as the gem stone of the rainbow. Tourmaline that contains an abundance of iron is more black or brown in color. Tourmaline gem stones that are brownish yellow have lots of magnesium. Any tourmaline gem stone that contains lithium could result in colors that include red, pink, yellow, blue, and green. On more rare occasions, the lithium-filled tourmaline is colorless.
One of the more unique styles of tourmaline gem stones is known as watermelon tourmaline. This occurs when a tourmaline gem stone’s cross section cut reveals green on the outside edges, along with a reddish, pink interior.
Tourmaline is categorized by its colors:
Red and pink: rubellite
Blue : indicolite / indigolite
Color green : verdelite
Color yellow : dravit
Color black : schorl
No color : achroit
A tourmaline gem stone is believed by many to be helpful in reducing stress, increasing mental awareness, and improving circulation. Tourmaline gem stones are thought to also foster an environment of friendship and love.